Adzuki Bean

Adzuki Bean

Scientific Name: Vigna angularis

Family Name:
Origin: Widely grown throughout East Asia and the Himalayas

Ground adzuki bean has been used in Japanese skin care for centuries. Geishas treasured it as their secret for smooth, soft skin, helping them to achieve a flawless complexion. Adzuki is a gentle, yet effective exfoliate. It deep cleanses without abrading or dehydrating, leaving the skin firm and smooth.

Products:
Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

Almond Oil

Almond Oil

Scientific Name: Prunus amygdalus dulcis

Family Name:Rosaceae, rose
Origin: USA

The almond is the fruit of the almond tree. The oil made from this fruit is quite emollient and gentle for the skin. It can be used daily for most skin types, and is generally safe for baby skin. Sweet almond oil, also called oleum amygdalae, contains 24% linoleic acid, an incredibly high amount of the antioxidant EFA. This makes it one of the most antioxidant oils in use for skin. Sweet almond oil has a long historical use that includes restoring itchy, dry and inflamed skin as well as being a simple emollient. Additionally, it is used by many massage therapists as a lubricant, and is widely used as a carrier for essential oils. Modern manufacturing uses include perfumes, hair creams, nail whiteners, nail polish remover, eye creams, moisturizers and soaps. One of the most popular cuticle oil treatments lists it as their only ingredient.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

Scientific Name: Aloe Vera, A. Barbadensis

Family Name:Asphodelaceae
Origin: Mexico

Aloe, the most popular botanical ingredient in skincare formulations, is the expressed juice of the plant leaves. Aloe vera contains 99.5% water, and is by nature very hydrating, and cinnamoyl esters. Important properties for skin include: anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, demulcent, healing and softening. For centuries, aloe vera has been used for treating burns, injuries, wounds and skin disorders. It is also used for arthritis, pain relief, to counteract wrinkles, and as a simple hydrating mask.

Argan Oil

Argan Oil

Scientific Name: Argania spinosa

Family Name:Sapotaceae
Origin: Morocco

The argania tree, also known as the Moroccan ironwood tree, is a thorny evergreen tree native to southwestern Morocco and grown for its plum-sized fruits. Inside the fruits large seeds containing highly esteemed oil are found. The seeds are pressed to obtain argan oil, an expensive and highly useful cooking oil with a nutty flavor. It is used much like olive oil and has a similar fat content. But cooking is not all that argan oil is good for. It is also great for the skin and hair. Argan oil is very emollient (similar to peanut oil, but without the allergen) and rich in naturally occurring antioxidants such as flavonoids and tocopherols that have anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, it contains 56 mg/Kg of polyphenols, double the amount of tocopherols (620 mg/Kg) than olive oil (320 mg/Kg), and linoleic acid comprises 34% of its total fatty acid content. Its anti-aging and skin restructuring properties coupled with a high vitamin A and vitamin E content make it a wonderful skin and haircare product ingredient.

Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic Acid

Scientific Name:

Family Name:Vitamin C
Origin: China

Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble organic acid with strong antioxidant and preservative properties for cosmetic and nutritive uses. It is a common form of vitamin C, a nutrient essential for life and used by the human body for many purposes. To the best of scientific knowledge, all animals and plants synthesize their own vitamin C except for humans and a small number of animals. Vitamin C is the skin's most important water-soluble vitamin; it protects skin from environmental stresses, sun damage and the causes of aging, softens, evens skin pigmentation, exfoliates dead skin cells, protects against capillary damage and heals. Furthermore, it is needed for the production of collagen in the connective tissue. It also possesses well-documented immune stimulating properties and helps improve blood flow to the skin.

Avocado

Avocado

Scientific Name: Persea gratissima

Family Name:
Origin: Central America

Avocados are the fruit from Persea Americana, a tall evergreen tree that can grow up to 65 feet in height. The fruit is readily absorbed and rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, D and E, amino acids, sterols, lecithin and essential fatty acids. The avocado oil that is derived from the pulp offers intense hydration for dehydrated, sun-damaged and mature skin types. In addition, the powerful antioxidant properties of avocado oil help to reduce toxins that promote premature aging and wrinkling of the skin.

Products:
Italian Red Mandarin with Rose Facial Cream

Basil Linalol

Basil Linalol

Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Egypt

Basil is used on the skin for its antiseptic, antifungal and circulatory stimulating properties in applications such as treating acne, insect bites, ringworm, and also as an insect repellent. The linalol variety contains a terpene alcohol of which vitamin E is a main constituent, thus making it more healing for the skin. The essential oil of basil is often added to facial steams, cleansers, toners, hair rinses, soaps and perfumes. In hair products basil adds a delightful scent, improves hair growth and tames tangles. It makes an excellent energizing bath herb. Basil is stimulating to the mind and used for nervousness and exhaustion.

*Essential Oil

Basil, Sweet

Basil, Sweet

Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Egypt

Also known as Albahaca, sweet basil is a unique member of the mint family. It is considered the "king of herbs" by many cookery authors, and in addition to its culinary use, sweet basil has a long history as a medicinal herb. For example, the Greek physician Dioscorides prescribed sweet basil for headaches. Some of basil's active constituents are: terpenes, methyl cinnamate, tannins, flavonoids and caffeic acid. The essential oil of sweet basil has excellent cleansing properties, is particularly effective against cellulite, and stimulates healthy hair growth. Used in massage oil, sweet basil has a warming effect. In modern aromatherapy, it is used to cheer the heart and mind and has a spicy, sweet herbaceous top-middle note with anise-like undertones. This oil is stimulating, warming and energizing, yet at the same time soothing and calming. Its aroma helps relieve sorrow, melancholy, emotional/mental/physical fatigue and eases indecision.

*Essential Oil

Beech Bud

Beech Bud

Scientific Name: Fagus sylvatica

Family Name:
Origin: England

The European Beech, often called the "ever-lasting youth tree," is a leafy tree with a remarkably upright and smooth trunk that matures after 60 years and often lives to be 200 - 250 years old. The extract from the mature Beech Tree is used in skincare formulations to increase the health of the epidermis, stimulate the skin and as an antiseptic. Proteins accumulated help retain water through an osmotic effect which directly results in increased moisture. Beach Bud extract is a unique organic active that brings a softer, smoother, more youthful appearance to the skin.

Products:
Turkish Rose & White Team Eye Cream

Beeswax

Beeswax

Scientific Name: Cera alba

Family Name:
Origin: Canada

Beeswax is a product made by bees to build the walls of their honeycomb. The substance is secreted by virgin honeybees in the form of thin scales and is practically insoluble in water. Beeswax is not absorbed into the skin, so it primarily protects the surface of the skin and traps water on the surface. It is a thickener but is primarily used as an emulsifier. Beeswax is used in many cosmetics including baby creams, moisturizing creams, eye creams and protective creams. It can be comedogenic on the face, so is best used on the body. Beeswax is also a natural sun protectant.

Bergamot

Bergamot

Scientific Name: Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: Italy

The bergamot orange is small and roughly pear shaped. Its essential oil is derived from the cold pressed peel of nearly ripe fruit of the bergamot tree. The essence of bergamot is used in wide measure for skin and is one of the main ingredients of traditional cologne waters. Properties for skin include: antiseptic, balancing, deodorizing, refreshing, stimulating, vulnerary and warming. Bergamot is used in treating the following skin conditions: acne, blackheads, cellulite, sagging skin and seborrhea. The aroma of bergamot is described as a fresh fruity, sweet citrus top note. Properties for the mind include: antidepressant, balancing, calming, harmonizing, refreshing, uplifting and overall emotional wellbeing. Emotional benefits include ease of: aggression, disappointment, distress and grief. In fact, wearing the scent of bergamot aids in reopening the heart when it is closed from the pain of grief. Furthermore, bergamot essential oil is one of the most useful in the neuro-psychiatric field for the cure of neuroses, depressions and anxious states. Its solar aroma has the power to temper the emotional excesses, to encourage confidence in oneself and to re-emerge suffocated vitality. It has also been known to improve lack of appetite and morning laziness in adolescents.

*Essential Oil

Birch Bark

Birch Bark

Scientific Name: Betula alba

Family Name:Betulaceae, birch
Origin: Bulgaria

An ancient remedy, the herbal extract of birch bark is obtained from the European white birch tree. It is high in betulin and betulinic acid, flavonoids and terpenes, all powerful phytochemicals. Its properties for skin include: analgesic, potent antioxidant, astringent, circulatory stimulant, cleansing and freshening. Birch bark extract is good for bathing skin eruptions.

**Herbal Extract

Blood Orange

Blood Orange

Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis

Family Name:
Origin: Northern China and Korea

Citrus Sinensis Peel Oil is an essential oil expressed from the peels of the Sweet Orange Valencia. Anthocyanin, blood orange's red pigment, is a powerful antioxidant flavonoid that calms irritation. The essential oil adds a perfuming accent and is refreshing and uplifting. It is also known to soothe the mind and the body with its nurturing qualities, reducing stress and anxiety and providing a sense of well-being.

Products:
French Chamomile with
Sweet Orange & Lavender Body Lotion
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Oil
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Lip Balm
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

Borage

Borage

Scientific Name: Borago officinalis

Family Name:
Origin: Mediterranean Region

Borage Seed Oil is the fixed oil obtained from the seeds of the Borago officinalis, a blue-flowered European annual herb. The soothing, cooling, mucilaginous substances in Borage account for many of its medicinal effects. The herb is known to be rich in gamma linolenic acid, minerals and Omega-6 Fatty Acid all of which help to maintain healthy cardiovascular function, as well as healthy skin and nails. Borage is classified as an emollient and cleanser.

Products:
Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oill

Burdock Root

Burdock Root

Scientific Name: Arctium lappa

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: Italy

Burdock root has many properties useful for skin including: antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and demulcent. It contains polyacetylenes which are antimicrobial, mucilaginous and polyphenols. In skincare it is often added to facial steams, cleansers, lotions, toners and salves. Burdock root is used especially for the treatment of oily skin and may be used both internally and externally for skin conditions such as acne, eczema and psoriasis. It is also added to shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses, and can be especially beneficial for dandruff. Medicinally, burdock root is used to treat painful joints, inflammation and purifies the blood.

*Herbal Extract

Calendula flower

Calendula flower

Scientific Name: Calendula officinalis

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: Egypt

The beautiful yellow flowers of the calendula plant (also known as the pot marigold) are used on the skin for their antifungal, antiseptic, astringent, demulcent and vulnerary properties. Its active constituents include: high amounts of flavonoids which are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial, arabinogalactans, saponins (such as oleanolic acid, beta-carotene and other carotenoids), terpenes, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes and phenolic acids. "Where calendula is applied, no pus will form," is an old adage that has been past on through generations, hence calendula's reputation for healing cuts, bruises, rashes and irritated skin.

*Essential Oil

Origin: Spain

Topically, calendula flower soothes burns and sunburn. As a bath herb, calendula flower is used for dry skin. Used both internally and externally, calendula helps to increase peripheral circulation. It is also used internally to improve skin conditions such as acne, boils, eczema and psoriasis. A common ingredient in cosmetics, calendula is used in facial steams, cleansers, lotions, moisturizers, soaps and salves. It is gentle enough to use in products such as eye creams and baby care products, and can even help relieve cradle cap and diaper rash. Calendula is also used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses, especially for blondes.


**Herbal Extract

Caprylic / Capric Triglyceride

Caprylic / Capric Triglyceride

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: USA

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an oily mixture of glycerin with caprylic and capric acids derived from coconut oil. It is skin conditioning and used as an emollient to prevent water loss from the skin.

Capric Acid is a type of carboxylic acid, abundant in nature, as is malic acid (from apples) and lactic acid (from sour milk). Caprylic Acid is a long-chain fatty acid found in coconuts and breast milk. In cosmetics it is used as a surfactant and thickening agent. It is known to have antifungal properties and thus is often recommended by nutritionists in the treatment of candidiasis, and is also used in the treatment of some bacterial infections.

Cardamom

Cardamom

Scientific Name: Elettaria Cardamomum

Family Name:Zingiberaceae, ginger
Origin: Guatemala

Cardamom is one of the oldest essential oils known. Egyptians used it in perfumes and incense, and also chewed the seeds to keep their teeth white. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), cardamom has long been described as a Qi tonic, not only warming and invigorating to the lungs, spleen and nerves, but also having an effect on the spirit or mind, similar to that of basil, removing listlessness and depression often found in chronic Qi deficiency conditions. Its main properties for skin are antiseptic and cleansing. Cardamom oil's aroma is described as a warm, spicy middle-base note with the following properties for mind: energizing, stimulating and aphrodisiac. It is also used to combat fatigue and stress.

*Essential Oil

Carrot

Carrot

Scientific Name: Daucus carota

Family Name:
Origin:

Daucus carota, the sativa seed oil of the flowering plant, is classified as an emollient and skin conditioning agent. Steam distillation is used to collect the oil from the seeds and the root of the carrot. The chemical composition of the oil contains vitamins A and D, carotenes and flavonoids. Beta-Carotene is considered an antioxidant which means it protects against free radicals. It has been suggested that carrot oil can detoxify your skin of the impurities that result in acne and protect against the signs of aging.

Products:
Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean & Cranberry Facial Scrub Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream

Chamomile, Roman

Chamomile, Roman

Scientific Name: Athemis nobilis

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: England, France

Roman chamomile is a miracle worker. Its numerous properties for skin include analgesic, anti-allergenic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, antiseptic, calming, demulcent, healing and sedative. It is a powerful treatment for various skin ailments including acne, allergies, arthritis, dermatitis, eczema, erythema, inflammation, irritation, psoriasis, rashes, sensitivity, spider veins, sores and wounds, and is also a great tissue regenerator. Particularly recommended for dry, dehydrated, delicate, sensitive, oil-rich and blemished skin, chamomile is beneficial for all skin types. Chamomile's aroma is described as a fruity warm floral, herbaceous middle-base note with potent properties for the mind including: relaxing, cooling and calming. Emotional benefits include realization of personal growth and ease of aggression, anger, anxiety, fear, grief, hysteria, impatience, irritability, loneliness, nervousness, panic, stress and tension.

*Essential Oil

Cinnamon Cassia

Cinnamon Cassia

Scientific Name: Cinnamonium cassia or Cinnamonium aromaticum

Family Name:Lauraceae, laurel and Fabaceae, legume
Origin: Indonesia, China

The bark of this evergreen tree is often confused with true cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), but is actually cassia. Its properties for skin include: antifungal, antiseptic, anti-yeast, mildly astringent, detoxifying, parasiticidal and warming. Cinnamon is used in facial scrubs, soaps, cleansers, masks and lotions. Its pungent aroma is described as a sweet, spicy middle note, and is desirable in perfumes and aftershaves. Considered an aphrodisiac, the essential oil is included in massage oils for lovers.

**Herbal Extract

Further effects on the mind include: promoting happiness and peace, and combating stress. Excellent for brunettes and in preventing baldness, cinnamon is used in shampoos and hair rinses. It freshens the breath when included in toothpastes and mouthwashes and promotes a rosy complexion when used internally.

*Essential Oil

Citric Acid

Citric Acid

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: China

Citric acid is a weak organic acid found in a variety of fruits and vegetables, most concentrated in lemons and limes where it can comprise as much as 8% of the dry weight of the fruit. One of the most widely used acids in the cosmetic industry, it is derived from citrus fruits by fermentation of crude sugars and is employed as an acid-alkali balance adjuster, an antioxidant, an astringent, an exfoliant (it is an alpha-hydroxy acid), a preservative, a sequestering agent and a foam inhibitor. Additionally, it serves as an environmentally benign cleaning agent.

Clove

Clove

Scientific Name: Syzygium aromaticum

Family Name:Myrtaceae, myrtle
Origin: Indonesia

Distilled from the dried flower buds of the evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum, clove oil is also found under the name Eugenia caryophyllata. Cloves are used for their, anesthetic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, detoxifying, and warming properties. Active constituents include: terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, phenolcarboxylic acids and sterols. It is included in skin preparations such as soaps, toners, lotions, perfumes, powders and aftershaves. Because clove is also antifungal, it is used in salves to treat athlete's foot. It is also used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses, especially for brunettes and redheads. Clove is often used to flavor toothpastes and freshen the breath. The essential oil of clove is an aphrodisiac and is included in perfumes for its sensuous scent, which is described as a warm, sweet, spicy middle note. Additional properties for mind include: anti-anxiety, energizing and intellectually stimulating for nervous fatigue and poor memory.

*Essential Oil

Cocoa Butter

Cocoa Butter

Scientific Name: Theobroma cacao

Family Name:Malvaceae
Origin: Ghana

Also called theobroma ("food of the gods") oil, cocoa butter is the solid edible natural fat of the cacao bean, extracted during the process of making chocolate and cocoa powder. It is one of the most stable fats known, containing natural antioxidants that prevent rancidity and give it a shelf life of two to five years. It is used for its smooth texture in various foods, as well as in cosmetics and soaps, pastes and emollient creams. Cocoa butter softens and lubricates the skin, and melts at body temperature making it good for massage creams.

Coconut Oil

Coconut Oil

Scientific Name: Cocos Nucifera

Family Name:Arecaceae,palm
Origin: Brazil

Cardamom is one of the oldest essential oils known. Egyptians used it in perfumes and incense, and also chewed the seeds to keep their teeth white. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), cardamom has long been described as a Qi tonic, not only warming and invigorating to the lungs, spleen and nerves, but also having an effect on the spirit or mind, similar to that of basil, removing listlessness and depression often found in chronic Qi deficiency conditions. Its main properties for skin are antiseptic and cleansing. Cardamom oil's aroma is described as a warm, spicy middle-base note with the following properties for mind: energizing, stimulating and aphrodisiac. It is also used to combat fatigue and stress.

Comfrey Leaf

Comfrey Leaf

Scientific Name: Symphytum officinale

Family Name:Boraginaceae, forget-me-not
Origin: Croatia

The leaves and flowers of this perennial herb are used topically for their anti-irritant, antiseptic, emollient, mucilaginous and regenerative properties, as well as being a powerful anti-inflammatory. Comfrey's active constituents are: alkaloids, mucilage, saponins, tannins, terpenes, sterols, phenolcarboxylic acids (such as salicylic acid and caffeic acid), amino acids and vitamin B12. Comfrey is also high in allantoin, which stimulates new cell growth. This results in promoting the swift healing of damaged or injured tissues. In fact, comfrey is one of the most favored herbs to treat wounds and abrasions in the form of salves and poultices because it proliferates cells. Excellent for dry skin, comfrey is used in soaps, lotions, moisturizers, salves and bath herbs. Recommended for dry hair, comfrey is used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. Medicinally, it is used for broken bones, rashes, sprains, bruises, severe burns, eczema and psoriasis.

**Herbal Extract

Cranberry

Cranberry

Scientific Name: Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Vaccinium Macrocarpon

Family Name:
Origin: North America

For centuries, cranberries have been valued for their medicinal and antioxidant properties, and anti-aging benefits. Cranberry, a super-fruit, is classified as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, brightening, antimicrobial and anti-bacterial. The cranberry is also known for its cellular renewal properties.

Products:
Egyptian Geranium with
Adzuki Bean & Cranberry Facial Scrub

Damiana Tea

Damiana Tea

Scientific Name: Turnea diffusa

Family Name:Turneraceae
Origin: Mexico

Damiana is a shrub native to Central and South America that blooms with small yellow flowers. Its active constituents include: numerous small amounts of terpenes, the antimicrobial substance arbutin and alkaloids. Damiana is also high in phosphorus, which may contribute to its energizing ability. Its leaves are used for their medicinal effects that range from stimulant to anti-depressant to yang tonic. Damiana has been hailed as an aphrodisiac since ancient times, particularly by the native peoples of Mexico. Other folk uses have included treating asthma, bronchitis, neurosis and various sexual disorders. It has also been promoted as a euphoria-inducing substance at various times and improves orgasmic ability, boosts nerve sensitivity and strengthens the reproductive system.

**Herbal Extract

Dandelion Root

Dandelion Root

Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: Brazil

Often seen as a weed and closely related to chicory, dandelion has a long history of medicinal use. The leaves are used to purify the blood and aid in treating anemia, probably for their high iron content. The root is sold as a drug in Canada and is a powerful diuretic. Its active constituents include: terpenes, sterols, carotene, flavonoids, phenolcarboxylic acids and coumarin derivatives such as umbelliferone. It is also used to treat edema (water retention) and is a rich source of vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A, D, C, various B vitamins, iron, silicon, magnesium, zinc and manganese. These give dandelion valuable nutritive and antioxidant properties to the skin.

**Herbal Extract

Elder flower and Elderberry

Elder flower and Elderberry

Scientific Name: Sambucus nigra, S. Canadensis

Family Name:Adoxaceae, moschatel
Origin: Croatia

The flowers of the elder are used for their anti-inflammatory, emollient and mild astringent properties. Its active constituents are terpenes, flavonoids, phenolcarboxylic acids (such as caffeic acid and ferulic acid), mucilage and tannins. Elder is healing for injuries, infection and various skin conditions. Elder blossoms are used for both oily and dry skin in facial steams, cleansers, scrubs, lotions, moisturizers, soaps, toners and salves. Elderflower water is a classic herb used as a toner and reputed to be one of the beauty secrets of many women. It makes a good aftershave tonic and has been used to calm sunburn, reduce enlarged pores and reduce eye puffiness when used as a compress. Elder also makes a relaxing bath herb and benefits dry hair when used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. When used internally as a tea or tincture, elder helps to clean the pores from the inside.

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening Primrose Oil

Scientific Name: Oenothera biennis

Family Name:Onagraceae
Origin: China

Otherwise known as sundrops, the oil of the mature seeds of evening primrose contain approximately 7-10% gamma-linoleic acid (GLA), a rare essential fatty acid that is a cell regenerator, anti-inflammatory and is very emollient. It also contains terpenes and is astringent. Evening primrose oil is a popular ingredient in organic cosmetics. It acts on the mind to relieve anxiety and sedate. Medicinally, it is recommended for infantile eczema, painful breasts, arthritis, neurosis and reputedly lowers cholesterol. The roots and shoots can be eaten. At one time it was used to ease bruises and speed the healing of wounds. One of the common names of Oenothera, "Kings cure-all," reflects the wide range of healing powers ascribed to this plant. Evening primrose oil is also shown to have sun protectant properties.

Fennel Seed

Fennel Seed

Scientific Name: Foeniculum vulgare

Family Name:Apiaceae
Origin: Hungary

The seeds of fennel are used for their anti-inflammatory, deep-cleansing, detoxifying, revitalizing, antimicrobial and circulatory stimulant properties. The active constituents of fennel seed include: terpenes, fatty acids, protein, flavonoids, phenolcarboxylic acids and coumarins. Best for normal to dry and mature skin, fennel seed is used in facial steams, cleansers, soaps, anti-wrinkle creams and lotions. It also helps to calm unevenly colored or blotchy skin. A cool fennel seed tea compress is used to reduce puffiness on closed swollen eyes and as a tonic for chapped skin.

*Essential Oil

Origin: Egypt


Fennel is used in salves to heal bruises. Described as a sweet, floral top-middle note with an herbaceous spicy undertone, essential oil of fennel is energizing, stimulating, warming, and eases fear. It is used widely in perfumes and to scent haircare products. Essential oil of fennel is also often used in toothpastes and mouthwashes. Chewing a few fennel seeds after a meal helps freshen the breath. It is also an insect repellent.


**Herbal Extract

Frankincense

Frankincense

Scientific Name: Boswellia carterii or B. thurifera or B. sacra

Family Name:Burseraceae
Origin: Oman

The essence of frankincense is distilled from the resinous "tears" that the tree produces in order to cicatrize the small wounds on its trunk and branches made to ripen the precious substance. Probably for this reason frankincense has an incredible cicatrisation power on wounds and lesions of various kinds on human skin. It is also referred to as olibanum, which is derived from the Arabic al-luban ("the milk"), a reference to the milky sap tapped from the tree. Frankincense has been used in cosmetics since antiquity for wrinkles and skin infections. The active constituents of frankincense include: terpenes, mucilage and boswellic acids (named after the plant). Its properties for skin include: anti-aging, antiseptic, anti-wrinkle, rejuvenating, revitalizing, stimulating,vulnerary and warming. It is also good for stretch marks. Olibanum is described as a rich, oriental base note, with citrus, spice and incense undertones. Diffused in the air, frankincense possesses extraordinary antiseptic properties and is purifying as much for the spaces in which we occupy as for our minds. Additional properties for mind include: calming, energizing, fortifying, grounding, relaxing and stimulating. It helps to ease anxiety, depression, disappointment, fatigue, fear, grief, impatience, insecurity, loneliness, nervousness, panic attacks, stress and tension.

*Essential Oil

Geranium

Geranium

Scientific Name: Pelargonium graveolens

Family Name:Geraniaceae
Origin: Madagascar, Egypt

Geranium has great value in skin care and can be used on any type of skin. Properties for skin include: analgesic, anti-irritant, antimicrobial, potent antioxidant, antiseptic, astringent, balancing, cell-regenerating, cicatrisant, demulcent, rejuvenating and warming. It is commonly used for these particular skin conditions: acne, blackheads, cellulite, dehydration, erythema, seborrhea, sensitivity, spider veins and stretch marks. Geranium is also an excellent and effective remedy for burns and wounds and can be used in the treatment of inflammation due to its mild, soothing effect. Its action on the nervous system is pronounced; it's a sedative with uplifting characteristics. Geranium is a stimulant of the adrenal cortex and can be used to balance the production of androgens or octoroons, such as occurs during menopause. It is also great for the time of menstruation. Geranium is a good insecticide due to its terpene content and is particularly effective as a mosquito repellent. Described as a minty-fruity floral top-middle note with rosy undertones, geranium oil is an important perfume ingredient, and one of the most feminine of the essential oils. Its properties for mind include: balancing, calming, cooling, refreshing, relaxing, soothing and uplifting. It promotes feelings of happiness and peace, and eases anxiety, depression, panic, stress and tension.

*Essential Oil

Ginger Root

Ginger Root

Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale

Family Name:Zingiberaceae, ginger
Origin: Nigeria

Ginger root is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, invigorating and warming. Its active constituents include: terpenes such as gingerols zingiberene and shogaols (named after the plant), and fatty acids. In addition to its application for skin, these properties make ginger root beneficial for aching muscles, arthritis, migraines and poor circulation. When taken orally, it is a digestive tonic, supports a healthy cardiovascular system and is anticarcinogenic. Ginger's aroma is described as a spicy, sharp, warm top-middle note with a hint of lemon and pepper, and its effects are energizing and stimulating for poor memory. Emotional benefits include ease of: emotional and mental fatigue, fear, physical fatigue and shyness.

Gingko Biloba

Gingko Biloba

Scientific Name: Gingko biloba

Family Name:
Origin: China

Gingko Biloba, referred to as a "living fossel," is derived from a single tree that can live as long as 1,000 years. Active constituents include: flavonoids and terpenoids (potent antioxidants) and ginkgolides, which promote blood flow and inhibit allergic reactions. Properties for the skin include: astringent, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and collagen production stimulation. Gingko provides the skin with flavonoids and polyphenols (similar to the ones found in green tea) that work with antioxidants like Vitamin C, CoQ10 and Alpha Lipoic Acid to neutralize free radicals and prevent oxidative damage from occurring. Ginkgo can help to reduce swelling of the capillaries, making it a great ingredient for skin conditions like sensitivity, rosacea, acne and ezcema.

Products:
Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream

Ginseng

Ginseng

Scientific Name: Panax ginsenga

Family Name:
Origin: China and North Korea

Ginseng is derived from the Chinese word for "likeness of man" because its roots sometimes resemble a human figure. Panax ginseng is classified as an anti-bacterial ingredient, purifying, anti-inflammatory and boosts skin immune function. Ginseng can help balance the oil gland production and can smooth fine lines and wrinkles benefiting mature skin types. Often times thought of as an anti-aging skin treatment, ginseng contains a large number of phytonutrients. These phytonutrients can stimulate and activate the skin's metabolism and blood flow to help regenerate and tone.

Products:
Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream

Glycerin, Vegetable also Glycerol

Glycerin, Vegetable also Glycerol

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: Indonesia

Glycerin is an oily, clear, sweet, thick liquid obtained by adding alkalis to fats and fixed oils. It is a solvent, emollient and skin softener in many cosmetics as well as a humectant properties) and therefore helps keep moisture in creams and other products as well as on the skin. In fact, glycerin attracts just the right amount of moisture to maintain the skin's homeostasis and fills in the intercellular matrix of the skin (thus plumping it up in a good way). Its presence in the intercellular layer helps other lipids do their job better and is actually present in all natural lipids. It also helps products spread better and is a menstrum, which helps with the absorbability of medicinal plants.

Glycerol / Sucrose Stearate

Glycerol / Sucrose Stearate

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: USA, Japan

Glyceryl Stearate is an emulsifier, emollient and thickener. See Glycerin.

Sucrose Stearate is a mixture of sucrose (sugar) and stearic acid.

Stearic Acid is a white, waxy, natural fatty acid widely used in hand creams and lotions, protective creams and soaps (among many other products). It is the major ingredient used in making bar soap and lubricants, and is an emollient, emulsifier and thickener.

Sucrose is sugar, a preservative, antioxidant, exfoliant, demulcent and substitute for glycerin. It is a monosaccharide and as such has water-binding properties.

Gotu Kola Herb

Gotu Kola Herb

Scientific Name: Centella asiatica

Family Name:Zingiberaceae, ginger
Origin: Sri Lanka

The above-ground portions of Gotu Kola are used for their rejuvenating properties such as strengthening connective tissue and stimulating collagen production. It also promotes wound and scar healing by stimulating cellular mitosis; increases protein growth in the skin; and promotes tensile integrity of the tissue. Gotu kola is used topically to help burns, eczema, psoriasis, varicose veins, and in scalp oils to deter baldness. Its properties for skin include: antibacterial, antisporiatic, vulnerary, and contains many antioxidants. Gotu kola's active constituents are gingerols, which have analgesic, sedative, antipyretic (fever reducing) and antibacterial effects; and saponins (also called triterpenoids), which beneficially affect collagen, flavonoids and terpenes. It is often used in baths, salves, lotions and moisturizers. It may also be taken internally in the form of tea, tincture or capsules to treat age spots, burns, dermatitis, eczema, leprosy, psoriasis and scars (even the keloid variety). Gotu kola even boosts mental activity, and helps nervous disorders.

**Herbal Extract

Grape

Grape

Scientific Name: Vitis vinifera

Family Name:
Origin: Mediterranean Region

The seed of the grape plant, Vitis vinifera, yields a fine textured, linoleic-rich oil. Grape seed extract is classified as a powerful antioxidant, anti-degenerative, restructuring, moisturizing and tonifying. Grape Seed Oil is also one of several plant emollients that mimic the lipid content of the skin. It helps stabilize and maintain the structure of the skin's complex inter-cellular matrix, preventing moisture loss and cell damage and promoting the skin's soft, smooth, healthy appearance.

Products:
Australian Wild Plum & Willow Facial Cleanser Nigerian Ginger with Lavender & Thyme Facial Cream

Grapefruit, Ruby/Pink/White

Grapefruit, Ruby/Pink/White

Scientific Name: Citrus paradisi

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: USA

The essence of grapefruit, also known as shaddock, is obtained by cold press of the peels. Properties for the skin include: antibacterial, antioxidant and detoxifying. Grapefruit is used for the following skin conditions: cellulitis, dull skin, toxin buildup and water retention. It tones the skin and tissues, promotes hair growth, and can be diluted in the bath to assist with: cellulite, colds and flu, lack of energy, jet lag, muscle fatigue, overweight, headaches, moodiness, and mental and physical tiredness. Described as a sweet, sharp citrus top note, its energizing fragrance provokes euphoria and helps to stimulate self-esteem. Grapefruit oil clears the mind and uplifts the spirits; it is refreshing and reviving, especially when feeling down.

*Essential Oil

Green Tea

Green Tea

Scientific Name: Camellia sinensis

Family Name:
Origin: China

Green Tea is extremely high in antioxidants that can help ward off free-radicals both inside and outside of your body. It has been shown to be an extremely effective treatment for reducing the redness and irritation associated with rosacea. Recent research suggests that Green Tea acts as a natural sun protectant by quenching the body's UV-induced free radicals, in turn preventing the breakdown of collagen and reducing the skin's UV damage. Green Tea contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which aid in slowing down the visual signs of aging.

Products:
Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu & Red Clover Hand Cream
Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oil
Turkish Rose & White Team Eye Cream
Japanese Matcha Tea with Acai & Goji Berry Facial Mask

Helichrysum

Helichrysum

Scientific Name: Helichrysum italicum

Family Name:
Origin: France and Italy

Helichrysum is known for the "Everlasting" and "Immortal" Essential Oil that makes the skin smooth, soft and moisturized. This essential oil prevents dehydration and cracking of the skin, stops bleeding and supports tissue repair. Helichrysum is known for its skin-rejuvenating properties, aiding in the healing of scar tissue, wounds, bruises, burns, acne, eczema, chronic dermatitis, tissue trauma and broken capillaries. It also has remarkable effects on sensitive and inflamed skin, protecting skin from drying and helping relieve psoriasis. Helichrysum is said to have the power to break through the deepest, most "stuck" emotions and can restore compassion for others and oneself. It is also said to enhance intuition.

Products:
Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oil

Hempseed Oil

Hempseed Oil

Scientific Name: Cannabis sativa

Family Name:
Origin: Canada

Hemp oil is from the seed of the hemp plant that contains between 25-35% oil by weight, and which has the highest and most complete profile of essential fatty acids of any oil. Both the complete protein and the oils contained in hempseeds (rich in linoleic and linolenic acids as well as small amounts of GLA) are in ideal ratios for human nutrition as well as beneficial to the skin. Hempseed oil is used in cosmetics as an emollient. Antimicrobial properties make it a useful ingredient for soaps, shampoos and detergents. Hempseed oil also provides some natural sun protection.

Horsetail Herb

Horsetail Herb

Scientific Name: Equisetum arvense

Family Name:Equisetaceae, horsetail
Origin: Bulgaria

The above ground portion of horsetail is used cosmetically for its nutritive properties. Its active constituents include: flavonoids, caffeic acid derivatives, sterols, rare carboxylic acids such as equisetolic acid (named after the plant), and saponins. It is used in facial steams, toners, lotions and bath herbs. Horsetail is astringent and antioxidant, and as a result is excellent for oily skin and enlarged pores as well as edema (water retention). It is also used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses for oily hair and dandruff as well as to strengthen fragile hair. Drinking horsetail regularly as a tea is said to help strengthen the growth of hair and nails and prevent brittleness.

**Herbal Extract

Jojoba Seed Oil

Jojoba Seed Oil

Scientific Name: Simmondsia chinensis

Family Name:Simmondsiaceae, jojoba
Origin: USA

Jojoba is a shrub native to the Sonora and Mojave deserts. Is grown for the non-comedogenic, antibacterial liquid wax (commonly called jojoba oil) in its beanlike seeds. This waxy substance is rare in that it is an extremely long (C36-C46) straight-chain wax ester and not a triglyceride, making jojoba and its derivative jojoba esters more similar to sebum and whale oil than traditional vegetable oils. In other words, it is not an oil at all. Bearing this remarkable similarity to the oil produced by our own glands, it is well absorbed by and extremely beneficial to our skin for its emollient properties and natural moisturizing factors. It even has some natural sun protection. Jojoba oil is easily refined to be odorless, colorless and oxidatively stable, and is often used in cosmetics as a moisturizer and carrier oil for essential oils. Mexicans and Native Americans have long used jojoba oil as a hair conditioner and skin lubricant. It is a particularly effective treatment for "crows feet," wrinkles, stretch marks and dry skin. Additionally for our environment, it has potential use as both a biodiesel fuel for cars and trucks, as well as a biodegradable commercial lubricant.

Juniper

Juniper

Scientific Name: Juniperis Communis

Family Name:
Origin: North America

Fresh and clarifying, Juniper berry essential oil is renowned for its ability to support detoxification. The berries of the Juniper plant contain between 1-2% of volatile (essential) oil, which consists of more than 60 chemical constituents, including a-pinene, b-pinene, cineole, myrcene and sabinene, as well as some tannins, diterpines, sugars, resin and vitamin C. The ingredient is classified as an astringent, stimulant, purificant and tonic. As a massage oil ingredient, Juniper has a slightly warming effect and acts as an astringent to tighten up over-relaxed skin tissue. The essential oil is said to promote circulation, release of fluid retention and removal of waste accumulations from underlying skin tissue, making it an excellent herb for anti-cellulite detoxification.

Products:
Malagasy Ginger with Lemongrass Body Oil

Ladys Mantle

Ladys Mantle

Scientific Name: Alchemilla vulgaris, A. occidentalis, A. xanthochlora

Family Name:Rosaceae, rose
Origin: Europe

The genus name, Alchemilla is from the Arabic, alkemelych, meaning "alchemy," as alchemists believed that the morning crystal dewdrops in this plant, which they called "Heaven's Water" held magical powers to help them in their work. This herb was used to staunch bleeding on the battlefields of the 15th and 16th centuries. At one time, the astringent effects of this plant were marketed as a virginity restorative. To the Icelandic people, Lady's Mantle has been long considered sacred. The leaves and flowering shoots are used as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, astringent, styptic, tonic and vulnerary for skin. Its high tannin content gives it constricting properties, thus reducing the appearance of large pores, and its flavonoid content gives it anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Lady's Mantle is used in lotions to soften rough skin or minimize enlarged pores and birthmarks. The juice or teas of Lady's Mantle is applied to acne and used as a facial steam for acne. It is also used as an eyewash for conjunctivitis, a mouthwash for sores or after dental extraction, and as a gargle for laryngitis.

**Herbal Extract

Lavender Alcohol

Lavender Alcohol

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: USA

Alcohol is used here as a skin toner, absorption aid, preservative, carrier for aroma and suspension agent. This particular alcohol is 100% organic grain (U.S. grown corn) alcohol. There has been no addition of petroleum during its making (the main cause of alcohol drying the skin), or any other chemical that would disturb its integrity. In fact the only other ingredient added to denature it (a legal necessity, making it undrinkable) is lavender.

Lavender flower, Sweet

Lavender flower, Sweet

Scientific Name: Lavandula angustifolia

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: France

The word "lavender" is actually derived from the Latin lavare meaning "to wash" as this herb has such a long tradition in cleansing. This species is known as English lavender. Its properties for skin include: anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antimicrobial, strongest gentle antiseptic, astringent, cell regenerating, cleansing, demulcent, deodorant, healing, rejuvenating, and balances sebum production. The active constituents of lavender include: terpenes such as linalool, lavandulyl acetate (named for the plant), tannins, flavonoids and phytosterols. Lavender can be used by all skin types and is safe for everyone including children and pregnant women, but is best for blemished, delicate-sensitive, oil-rich, pale-devitalized and traumatized skin. It is also used in treating almost any skin condition including: acne, allergies, anxiety, athlete's foot, blackheads, bruises, burns, chapped skin, dehydration, dermatitis, eczema, inflamed skin, muscles aches, sagging skin, seborrhea, sensitivity, spider veins and stretch marks.

It is a remedy for sunburns and burns, prevents wrinkles and scarring, and soothes and heals insect bites. Lavender oil is one of the only essential oils that can be applied undiluted, or "neat," to the skin. It also helps to prevent infection; for example, a drop or two of undiluted lavender essential oil can be applied topically to dispel a pimple before erupting. Lavender is used in skin formulas as facial steams, cleansers, toners, lotions, soaps, massage oils and foot soaks. Misting oneself several times daily with lavender water helps to moisturize the skin and improve one's mood. The aroma of lavender is described as a smooth, sweet floral top-middle note with an herbaceous undertone. Lavender oil is a potent healing agent both mentally and physically. Its properties for mind include: calming, relaxing, clarifying, stimulating, healing and appeasing. Emotional benefits include ease of: anxiety, depression, hysteria, impatience, fatigue, shock, suspicion and tension. As a powerful relaxant it is used to treat insomnia just place some on a white pillowcase before bed.

*Essential Oil

**Herbal Extract

Lavender, Wild

Lavender, Wild

Scientific Name: Lavandula mailette

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: France

The word "lavender" is actually derived from the Latin lavare meaning "to wash" as this herb has such a long tradition in cleansing. This species is known as English lavender. Its properties for skin include: anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antimicrobial, strongest gentle antiseptic, astringent, cell regenerating, cleansing, demulcent, deodorant, healing, rejuvenating, and balances sebum production. The active constituents of lavender include: terpenes such as linalool, lavandulyl acetate (named for the plant), tannins, flavonoids and phytosterols. Lavender can be used by all skin types and is safe for everyone including children and pregnant women, but is best for blemished, delicate-sensitive, oil-rich, pale-devitalized and traumatized skin. It is also used in treating almost any skin condition including: acne, allergies, anxiety, athlete's foot, blackheads, bruises, burns, chapped skin, dehydration, dermatitis, eczema, inflamed skin, muscles aches, sagging skin, seborrhea, sensitivity, spider veins and stretch marks.

It is a remedy for sunburns and burns, prevents wrinkles and scarring, and soothes and heals insect bites. Lavender oil is one of the only essential oils that can be applied undiluted, or "neat," to the skin. It also helps to prevent infection; for example, a drop or two of undiluted lavender essential oil can be applied topically to dispel a pimple before erupting. Lavender is used in skin formulas as facial steams, cleansers, toners, lotions, soaps, massage oils and foot soaks. Misting oneself several times daily with lavender water helps to moisturize the skin and improve one's mood. The aroma of lavender is described as a smooth, sweet floral top-middle note with an herbaceous undertone. Lavender oil is a potent healing agent both mentally and physically. Its properties for mind include: calming, relaxing, clarifying, stimulating, healing and appeasing. Emotional benefits include ease of: anxiety, depression, hysteria, impatience, fatigue, shock, suspicion and tension. As a powerful relaxant it is used to treat insomnia just place some on a white pillowcase before bed.

*Essential Oil

**Herbal Extract

Lavendin

Lavendin

Scientific Name: Lavandula hybrida sumian

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: France

See Lavender flower, Sweet.

*Essential Oil

Lecithin

Lecithin

Scientific Name: Soy

Family Name:
Origin: USA

Lecithin is usually used as a synonym for phosphatidylcholine, a phospholipid found in the membranes of plant and animal cells and part of the vitamin B complex. A major source of lecithin is soybean oil. It is needed by every cell in the body and is a key building block of cell membranes; without it, they would harden. Lecithin protects cells from oxidation and largely comprises the protective sheaths surrounding the brain. It can be totally metabolized, so it is virtually non-toxic to humans. Lecithin is used commercially for anything requiring a natural emulsifier and/or lubricant from pharmaceuticals to protective coverings. It is a natural antioxidant and emollient used in eye creams, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps and many other cosmetics. Lecithin is so widely used in cosmetics because it absorbs well without feeling greasy or heavy. Phosphatidyl inosital, another phospholipid constituent of lecithin, is a water-binding agent. See Soybean Oil.

Lemon

Lemon

Scientific Name: Citrus limon

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: Italy

Lemon essential oil is obtained by cold press of the peel. Its properties for skin include: antiseptic, astringent, bactericide, detoxifying, cooling, healing, lymphatic stimulant and rejuvenating. The active constituents in lemon oil include: terpenes, flavonoids (such as hesperitin and naringenin, coumarins, carotenoids and citric acid. Lemon oil is good for the following skin conditions: acne, seborrhea, wrinkles and warts. It also brightens dull skin and reduces cellulite and varicose veins. Best for blemished, normal- combination and oil-rich skin types. What makes the properties in lemon oil noteworthy is that they are combined with a delightful aroma and work synergistically on a therapeutic, aesthetic and emotional level. Lemon's aroma is described as a fresh, light citrus top-note. Its properties for mind include: calming, energizing, relaxing, stimulating and uplifting. Emotional benefits include ease of: aggression, depression, fatigue and tension.

*Essential Oil

Lemon Balm Herb

Lemon Balm Herb

Scientific Name: Melissa officinalis

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Croatia

Also referred to as Melissa, this fresh, citrus herb was included in Carmelite Water, a popular toilet water used by men and women of culture during medieval Europe. Its properties for skin include: antiseptic, antiviral, cleansing, demulcent, healing, pH balancer and rejuvenating. It is used in treating: acne, dermatitis, eczema, insect bites and rashes. Lemon balm is best for blemished, irritated skin. Its active constituents include: terpenes, which produce relaxing qualities, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives such as rosmarinic acid, and flavonoids. The leaves have been used as a compress or poultice for boils, shingles, insect bites, in facial steams and toners for blemishes, and as a rejuvenating agent. The diluted essential oil is used topically on herpes lesions. It is also included in perfumes, bath oils and massage oils. Its properties for mind include: appeasing, comforting, soothing and uplifting. Emotional benefits include ease of emotional shock or grief, depression and insomnia.

**Herbal Extract

Lemongrass

Lemongrass

Scientific Name: Cymbopogon citratus

Family Name:Poaceae, grass
Origin: Italy

The leaves of lemongrass are an important aromatic and powerful antiseptic agent. Additional properties for skin include: antimicrobial, mildly astringent, deodorizing, detoxifying and disinfecting. Best for normal to oily, and oily skin, lemongrass is also good for mature, sagging and devitalized smoker's skin (helps to eliminate wastes).

*Essential Oil

Origin: India

It is a tonic for open pores. In the form of facial steams, cleansers, soaps and bath herbs, lemongrass is used for oily, acneic skin and to fight skin infections. Lemongrass is excellent for oily, dandruff and blond hair when used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. The essential oil (also known as citronella) is used in deodorants, perfumery, insect repellents, and cures for athlete's foot. Good for stress, lemongrass is calming. The essential oil is also used as an appetite suppressant.

**Herbal Extract

Licorice Root

Licorice Root

Scientific Name: Glycyrrhiza glabra

Family Name:Fabaceae, legume
Origin: Spain

Licorice has a long and highly valued record of uses. For example, it remains one of the most important herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Among the most consistent and important uses are as a demulcent (soothing, coating agent), which makes licorice perfect for sensitive skin. Licorice root is a very effective anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, which inhibits the breakdown of cortisol produced in the body. It is also antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and a potent antioxidant. Its active constituents include: triterpene saponins (such as glycyrrhizin, glabridin, soya saponins), flavonoids, coumarins and terpenes. Licorice extract is thought to have a depigmenting effect as well as an inhibitory effect on melanin synthesis as a result of its ability to act as a tyrosinase inhibitor. Its uses include treatment for: chronic fatigue syndrome, cold sores, eczema, fibromyalgia, menopause and peptic ulcers.

**Herbal Extract

Lime Peel

Lime Peel

Scientific Name: Citrus limetta

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: South Africa, Ivory Coast, Mexico

Lime is a useful cooling, toning and astringent oil for skin care blends. It is also used for varicose veins. Lime is refreshing, especially in hot weather. It inspires the mind and elevates the spirit with its aroma, a fresh, sharp citrus top note. Additional properties for the mind include: antidepressant, energizing and relaxing.

*Essential Oil

Linden flower

Linden flower

Scientific Name: Tilia europaea

Family Name:Malvaceae
Origin: Croatia

The linden flower is used cosmetically for its antiseptic and sedative qualities. Its main active constituents are flavonoids and glycosides. Linden helps to leave the skin smooth and soft, and minimizes wrinkles. It also helps to heal blood vessel walls and is used to clear acne and rashes as well as to treat burns. Linden is included in facial waters, facial steams, masks, lotions, moisturizers, soaps and relaxing bath herbs, as well as in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. Another use is as a nervine proscribed by herbalists in treating restlessness, hysteria, headaches and stress.

*Herbal Extract

Mandarin, Green and Red

Mandarin, Green and Red

Scientific Name: Citrus reticulata

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: Italy

Pressed from the peels, mandarin is a beautiful oil for spas. An immune and lymphatic stimulant, mandarin also supports tissue regeneration and detoxification, reduces scarring and stretch marks, and is used to nurture dry, mature, wrinkled and dull skin. Mandarin is a wonderful cooling oil for the skin, aiding in balancing oily skin and healing acne, spots and puffiness. It is believed to improve one's mood and relieve anxiety and stress. Other properties for mind include: calming and relaxing. See Tangerine.

*Essential Oil

Manuka Honey

Manuka Honey

Scientific Name: Leptospermum scoparium mel

Family Name:
Origin: New Zealand and Southeast Australia

Manuka honey is derived by bees that collect nectar from the Manuka flower. This flower is found on the Manuka tree, Leptospermum scoparium, which is a graceful evergreen shrub or small tree with deep red wood of vigorous growth. Manuka has long been valued for its healing properties and is classified as antibacterial, ant-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-fungal and anti-acneic. Manuka Honey is beneficial for skin ailments such as dermatitis, acne, eczema, boils, ulcers, oily skin, dandruff, rashes, sunburn and ringworm.

Products:
Australian Wild Plum & Willow Facial Cleanser

Marshmallow Root

Marshmallow Root

Scientific Name: Althaea officinalis

Family Name:Malvaceae
Origin: Italy

Malvaceae, the family name of the marshmallow plant derives from the Greek word malake, or "soft," referring to the soft, mucilaginous character of the plants. The genus name is the Greek word althea, which means "to heal". The root of marshmallow is used in beauty care for its anti-inflammatory, emollient and thickening properties. Marshmallow is soothing due to its content of mucilage, flavonoids and anthocyanidins. Other active constituents include: phenolcarboxylic acids and amino acids. Good for all skin types, it is particularly beneficial to very sensitive, dry, weather-beaten, chapped or sun-damaged skin and is an excellent anti-inflammatory for acneic skin. Skin conditions marshmallow is particularly helpful for include: eczema, psoriasis, sunburn, windburn, wounds and varicose veins. It also soothes insect stings (especially wasps), provides relief for skin infections, and has the ability to draw out poisons and debris from a wound. Marshmallow root makes a great compress to reduce inflammation of the eyelid. It is used in dry skin treatments as a bath herb, facial steam, cleanser, moisturizer, lotion, soap, wrinkle cream and salve. For dry hair, the soothing properties are nourishing when used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. Additionally, it is found in many hair styling products for all hair types.

**Herbal Extract

Mustard Seed

Mustard Seed

Scientific Name: Brassica hirta

Family Name:
Origin:

Mustard seed essential oil, extracted by steam distillation of mustard seeds, is a strong stimulant. It is particularly effective in stimulating circulation, digestion and excretion. The health benefits of mustard essential oil can be attributed to its stimulant, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, insect repellant, hair vitalizer, cordial, diaphoretic, anti-rheumatic and tonic properties. This oil also contains Omega alpha 3 and Omega alpha 6 fatty acids, antioxidants and vitamin-E.

Products:
Malagasy Ginger with Lemongrass Body Oil

Neroli

Neroli

Scientific Name: Citrus aurantium var. amara or bigaradia

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: Egypt

Neroli oil is a plant oil similar to bergamot produced from the blossom of the bitter orange tree. The oil is produced by water distillation, as the blossom is too fragile to endure steam distillation. By the end of the 16th century, Anne Marie Orsini, duchess of Bracciano and princess of Nerola, introduced the essence of the bitter orange tree as a fashionable fragrance by using it to perfume her gloves and her bath. Since then, the name of Neroli has been used to describe this essence. Neroli has a refreshing and distinctive, spicy aroma and is described as a sweet, bitter, floral citrus top-middle note. Neroli oil is a classic element in fragrance design and one of the most commonly used in the industry. The oil is also edible. The active constituents of neroli include: terpenes such as linalool and flavonoids such as naringin. Neroli can be used on all skin types, but is best for blemished, mature, normal-combination and especially sensitive skin. Its antimicrobial properties are preservative. It is good for the following skin conditions: dehydration, cellulite, stretch marks and sensitivity. Neroli is balancing, soothing, warming and energizing to the soul as well as the skin. Used in aromatherapy and massage, it is considered to have a soothing effect on the nervous system and is considered to be a sedative for emotional shock or grief while also uplifting and stimulating the heart chakra. Emotional benefits include ease of: anxiety, depression, grief, hysteria, nervousness, panic, shock, shyness and tension.

*Essential Oil

Oats

Oats

Scientific Name: Avena sativa

Family Name:Poaceae, grass
Origin:

The genus name for oats, Avena is from the Latin and means "nourishing". Sativa, the species name, means "with a long history of cultivation". Milky oat seed (in its unripe stage) is the premier medicinal portion of the plant, but the stems are also used (known as oatstraw). The active constituents of Avena sativa include: carbohydrates, such as, b glucans, flavonoids, minerals, alkaloids and saponins. Oat seed and straw are used for skin as an alterative, anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, demulcent, nutritive and rejuvenator. Oat is high in triglycerides and helps nourish the skin, nails, teeth, bones and hair due to its high silicon content. Oat flakes are used topically as a bath herb to soften skin and to relieve itchiness, eczema, hives, rheumatism and neuralgia, and as a mask for blackheads, dry, wrinkled and oily skin. They also relax the nerves and strengthen the nervous system, making tactile sensations more pleasurable. Furthermore, oat seed promotes the elasticity of blood vessels, and the seed or straw is used as a compress to help heal stitches. Other medicinal uses include: anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-insomniac, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, blood tonic, brain tonic, chi tonic, endocrine tonic, mood elevator, nervine, restorative and sexual tonic.

**Herbal Extract

Olive Oil

Olive Oil

Scientific Name: Olea europaea

Family Name:Oleaceae
Origin: Tunisia

Olive oil is extracted from the fruit of the European olive tree. 'Virgin' means the oil was produced by the use of physical means only - no chemical was involved. The term virgin oil referring to production is different from "Virgin Oil" on a retail label. Extra-virgin olive oil comes from the first pressing of the olives, contains no more than 0.8% acidity, and is judged to have a superior taste. There can be no refined oil in extra-virgin olive oil. This emollient plant oil has anti-aging properties and contains saponins. Some tests show that topically applied olive oil can protect against UVB damage. It is a good antioxidant as well as a good moisturizer. In penetrating power it is superior to mineral oils. Many soaps, creams, anti-wrinkle products and massage oils include olive oil as an ingredient.

Orange, Blood

Orange, Blood

Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis

Family Name:
Origin: Northern China and Korea

Citrus Sinensis Peel Oil is an essential oil expressed from the peels of the Sweet Orange Valencia. Anthocyanin, blood orange's red pigment, is a powerful antioxidant flavonoid that calms irritation. The essential oil adds a perfuming accent and is refreshing and uplifting. It is also known to soothe the mind and the body with its nurturing qualities, reducing stress and anxiety and providing a sense of well-being.

Products:
French Chamomile with
Sweet Orange & Lavender Body Lotion
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Oil
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Lip Balm
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

Orange, Sweet

Orange, Sweet

Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: USA

Orange-specifically, sweet orange-refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis and its fruit. Oranges are believed to be the Golden Apples of mythological fame and are regarded as a symbol of fertility due to the fact that they can produce flowers and fruit at the same time. The peel from unsprayed oranges is the part used medicinally and from which the essential oil is made. Its properties for skin include: antibacterial, strong antifungal, anti-inflammatory, slightly astringent, cleansing, degreasing, lymphatic and circulatory stimulant, skin conditioning and nutritive (containing vitamins A, B, & C). The high content of bioflavonoids helps to strengthen the capillaries and tissues of the body. It is recommended for all skin types except for severely dry, but particularly beneficial for dull, stressed-out, mature and weathered skin. The essential oil is good for the following skin conditions: acne, seborrhea and cellulite. Orange flower water, made from the tree's blossoms, is used for acne, dry and chapped skin, broken capillaries, to stimulate new cell growth (cell regeneration) and restore the skin's acid mantle. The essential oil of the sweet orange is delightfully bright and cheery, highly antidepressant, calming, and is described as a sweet citrus top note. As a bath and massage oil it promotes relaxation and stress relief. Emotional benefits include ease of: anxiety, disappointment, emotional and mental fatigue, hysteria, nervousness and tension. The oil can be used as an appetite suppressant, to move chi and to dry dampness. The blossoms are sedative.

*Essential Oil

Palmarosa

Palmarosa

Scientific Name: Cymbopogon martini

Family Name:Poaceae, grass
Origin: Nepal

This herb is native to India and Pakistan and has been used since antiquity. Palmarosa oil is antiseptic, moisturizes the skin, helps to stimulate cell regeneration and is valuable in use for acne, athlete's foot, chapped skin, dehydration, dry skin, dermatitis, wrinkles, minor skin infections, scarring and sore feet. Oil of palmarosa is described as a sweet, rosy floral top-middle-base note with grasslike and honey undertones. The emotional benefits of this soothing, calming oil include ease of: anger as well as emotional and mental fatigue.

*Essential Oil

Patchouli

Patchouli

Scientific Name: Pogostemon cablin

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Indonesia

The god Krishna is said to "inhabit" patchouli. Patchouli oil is obtained from the dried leaves of the plant. Its properties for skin include: antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cell regenerating, deodorizing, fungicidal and vulnerary. Patchouli oil is healing for: acne, dermatitis, eczema, fungal and bacterial infections, inflamed skin, insect bites, seborrhea, scalp disorders, scars, sores, stretch marks and wrinkles. Recommended for dry, dehydrated, tired, mature, wrinkled and oily skin. Patchouli has diuretic properties and is therefore helpful for water retention and cellulite. Additional uses include: hair conditioner for dreadlocks and insect repellant. Patchouli oil is described as a deep, woody top-middle-base note with a camphoraceous top note and musty, earthy, chocolate-like sweet undernote. One of the most masculine of the essential oils, patchouli is aphrodisiac, calming and relaxing. Emotional benefits include ease of: anger, anxiety, depression, exhaustion, fear, fatigue, indecision, shyness and stress.

*Essential Oil

Peppermint Leaf

Peppermint Leaf

Scientific Name: Mentha piperita

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: USA

Peppermint is obtained from the dried leaves of the peppermint plant. Its properties for skin include: antimicrobial, anti-irritant, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, cleansing, cooling, decongestant, refreshing, stimulating and tonic. The active constituents of peppermint include: menthol, terpenes, caffeic acid and flavonoids. Peppermint is best for the following skin types: blemished, dry, normal-oily and oily skin. It is a wonderful addition to baths, soaps, facial steams, masks, toners, aftershaves and as a stimulating shampoo, conditioner and hair rinse. An ideal treatment for aches and pains, it even helps with the itch of chicken pox.

**Herbal Extract

Origin: France

Peppermint is classified as a carminative herb for its use as a general digestive aid. It is also used for its breath freshening properties in toothpastes and mouthwashes, and is known to work wonders as a quick pick-me-up; perfect for hot, sweaty "summer skin." Peppermint is described as a strong, herbaceous minty top-middle note with balsamic-sweet undertones. Cooling and hot, this energizing and stimulating essential oil helps memory and concentration and alleviates exhaustion, emotional/mental and physical fatigue, indecision, mental strain, shyness, sinuses and tension headaches.


*Essential Oil

Pine, Canadian

Pine, Canadian

Scientific Name: Abies balsamea

Family Name:Pinaceae, pine
Origin: Canada

The balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada and the northeastern United States. Pine oil is an antiseptic, solvent, disinfectant and deodorant. Its properties for mind include: elevating, grounding and opening.

*Essential Oil

Plantain Leaf

Plantain Leaf

Scientific Name: Plantago major

Family Name:Plantaginaceae, plantain
Origin: Bulgaria

This plantain, native to Europe, is not to be confused with the starchy banana. Plantain leaves are valued for their anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, demulcent, mucilaginous and refrigerant properties. Its active constituents include: mucilage, flavonoids, phenolcarboxylic acids and saponin. Plantain helps to soothe inflammation and irritated tissues. It is a superb herb used in salves to treat wounds and damaged skin. It can be used as a poultice and/or salve for boils, bee stings and other insect bites, hemorrhoids and poison ivy. Plantain can also be boiled in milk, strained, cooled and applied to sunburn.

**Herbal Extract

Pomegranate

Pomegranate

Scientific Name: Punica grantum

Family Name:
Origin: Iran and Iraq

Punica Grantum is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree. The extract that comes from the Pomegranate carries potent antioxidant properties. It is thought to beautify and improve skin health by neutralizing skin-damaging oxygen molecules created by pollution and ultraviolet rays. The essential oil is classified as an emollient, skin conditioning, skin protecting and surfactant. Pomegranate, which is rich in ellagic acid and ellagitannins, has properties that prevent collagen destruction in human skin cells, thus maintaining skin structure and slowing wrinkle formation. The interventions are also said to diminish the cutaneous inflammation associated with chronic UV exposure that leads to photo-ageing.

Products:
Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oil

Pumpkin Seed Oil

Pumpkin Seed Oil

Scientific Name: Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca aka oleifera

Family Name:Cucurbitaceae
Origin: USA

A culinary specialty of Styria, Austria, pumpkin seed oil is made of the roasted skinless seeds of a special type of pumpkin, the "Styrian Oil Pumpkin". The seeds of this pumpkin are a power food, rich in many nutrients including: vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C, D, E and K, calcium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, other minerals, and the precious omegas: Omega 3 and Omega 6, also known as essential fatty acids. Pumpkin seed oil is one of the top three nutritional oils (hemp seed oil, flax seed oil and pumpkin seed oil) that provide the highest essential fatty acids required for healthy mind/body functioning. Pumpkin seed oil offers a practical and tasty way of supplying one's diet with the good fats for smooth skin, increased energy, maintenance and improvement of sexual health and optimum brain function. The oil also contains over 60% unsaturated fatty acid and is rich in vegetable proteins, carbohydrates, phytosterols and cucurbitin (named for the plant). All benefits listed for consumption are effective in topical application to a lesser extent.

Red Clover

Red Clover

Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense

Family Name:Fabaceae, legume
Origin: Bulgaria

Red clover is valued for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, calming, cleansing and demulcent properties. The active constituents of red clover are flavonoids. It is an ingredient in facial steams, cleansers, lotions and moisturizers and is used as a bath herb for many skin conditions including acne, eczema and psoriasis, as well as sun and wind damage. Red clover is used in lip balms for its soothing properties. It is also included in hair products for dry or damaged hair in the form of shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. Recommended for normal-dry, dry and irritated skin, but particularly useful for chronic skin conditions.

**Herbal Extract

Rice Bran Extract

Rice Bran Extract

Scientific Name: Oryza sativa

Family Name:Poaceae, grass
Origin: USA

A species of grass, rice is the world's third largest crop. The bran, called "nuka" in Japan, is a moist inner oily layer of the rice plant and often produced as a by-product of milling in the production of the refined grain. Rice bran has some constituents that make it quite unique including: the nourishing emollient squalene, the potent antioxidant gamma oryzanol, and a rich amount of four forms of tocotrienols plus tocopherol (vitamin E). Other active constituents include: the phospholipids - phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanaolamine, and phosphatidylinositol - and high amounts of oleic and linoleic acids. Rice bran has been highly acclaimed for centuries in helping to create the flawless skin attributed to Japanese women. It is a gentle exfoliant and skin softener that also prevents wrinkles, quickly heals blemishes, absorbs dirt and oil from pores, balances sebum production and moisturizes.

**Herbal Extract

Rose Otto

Rose Otto

Scientific Name: Rosa damascena

Family Name:Rosaceae, rose
Origin: Turkey

Rose otto is used in creams, lotions and soaps for its mildly astringent, mildly antiviral and bactericidal, balancing, cooling, deodorant, emollient, potent hydrating, skin conditioning and toning properties as well as its fragrance. The aroma is powerful and comforting. Recommended for dry-dehydrated, delicate-sensitive, normal-combination, tired-mature-wrinkled and traumatized skin. Rose and lavender facial cream is excellent for sensitive combination skin. Rose oil is used for cellulite, chapped skin, dehydration, eczema, sensitivity, stretch marks and wrinkles. Pure essential oil of rose is one of the most wonderful and highly prized oils included in perfumery. It takes about 10,000 pounds of roses to make one pound of essential oil, or 30 roses to make one small drop of oil. This intensely sweet, woody, deep floral top-middle note with rich spicy and honeylike undertones is known as the queen of essential oils. One of the most feminine essential oils, rose promotes unconditional love for self and others. It absorbs confusion, illness, imbalance, and negativity. It is common for heart surgeons to prescribe rose oil to their patients. Emotional benefits include enhancing: calm, compassion, confidence, femininity, fulfillment, happiness, healing, love, motivation, openness, passion, peace, rejuvenation, security, sensuality and sexuality, understanding and warmth. Further emotional benefits include reducing: anger, apathy, depression, disappointment, envy, grief, insecurity, insomnia, jealousy, loss of confidence, sadness, sexual fears, shock, shyness, stress, tension, vulnerability and feelings of emptiness. This uplifting oil also stimulates the heart chakra. See Rose Petals.

*Essential Oil

Rose Petals

Rose Petals

Scientific Name: Rosa centifolia

Family Name:Rosaceae, rose
Origin: Italy

Rose flowers are used in body care for their antiseptic, aromatic, astringent, cell regenerating and rejuvenating, demulcent, hydrating and vulnerary properties. Rose is recommended for: dry-dehydrated, delicate-sensitive, normal-combination, tired-mature-wrinkled, and traumatized skin. It is particularly effective in treating eczema, broken capillaries and wrinkles. Rose is beloved for its beautiful scent, and is currently used as an ingredient in dry and mature skin products such as facial steams, cleansers, lotions, toners, moisturizers and bath herbs. Rosewater has long been used as a toner and moisturizer by beauties to soothe sore complexions. Diluted, it can be applied to cotton balls and placed on closed eyes to reduce puffiness. It also makes a lovely mouthwash. For dry hair, roses are included in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses. The rose is a symbol of balance, love and bliss and is an ancient symbol of love and beauty. Roses have the highest vibratory frequency of any plant and provide great wound-healing properties both emotional and physical. Placing 2 roses on your bedside table is said to assist you in your dream state.

**Herbal Extract

Rosehip Seed

Rosehip Seed

Scientific Name: Rosa canina

Family Name:Rosaceae, rose
Origin: Germany

The fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. Rosehip seed oil is a good emollient and contains vitamins A, D and E, antioxidant, and is among the richest sources of vitamin C of any plant. Pure rosehip oil contains around 75% fatty acids: oleic and the EFAs linoleic and linolenic, which help maintain healthy skin and supposedly reduce the appearance of pores. Rosehip oil is the only vegetable oil to contain natural tretinoin, a derivative of retinol (vitamin A) at ~125mcg per every 100g, which replenishes and helps rebuild skin tissue and is great for acne. Other active constituents include: tannins, mucilage, proteins, phospholipids, fruit acids (exfoliating), sugar (exfoliating), and carotenoids. Rosehip oil is proven to delay the effects of skin aging by aiding in cell regeneration and boosting levels of collagen to create smoother, firmer skin. It can be used to strengthen weak fingernails and thin or damaged hair and has proved useful in reducing and eliminating the effects of dermatitis, eczema, fine lines, hyper-pigmentation, lumps from scarring, over-exposure to the sun, psoriasis, scarring, skin burns, stretch marks and wrinkles.

*Essential Oil

Rosemary Verbenon

Rosemary Verbenon

Scientific Name: Rosmarinus officinalis var. verbenon

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: France

Rosemary verbenon essential oil is colorless or pale yellow, and has a strong, fresh, clear woody aroma. It is analgesic, antidepressant, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, cleansing, fungicidal, nurturing, regenerative, stimulant and tonic. It is known for stimulating new cell formation. Rosemary verbenon can benefit all skin types but is particularly good for wrinkled, devitalized, mature, acneic, burned, scarred and sun-damaged skin. It is also good for rheumatic and muscular pain, especially tired and overworked muscles. It has a warming effect on cold limbs and provides a stimulant for the scalp to encourage hair growth and treat dandruff and greasy hair. Its emotional benefits include an ability to clear the mind and the emotions, promoting mental clarity. It also provides an uplifting boost to confidence.

*Essential Oil

Rosemary, Rubbed

Rosemary, Rubbed

Scientific Name: Rosmarinus officinalis

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Croatia

Rosemary's Latin name translates to "dew of the sea." It is touted as a "new generation antioxidant." Rosemary leaves are antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, demulcent, rejuvenating, skin conditioning and stimulating. Its active constituents include: terpenes, tannins, rosmarinol acid (named after the plant and a potent antioxidant), caffeic acid, flavonoids, sterols, the saponin oleanolic acid, lipids and salicylates. Rosemary is best for blemished, oily and dull skin and is used for the following skin conditions: acne, seborrhea and cellulite. It is widely used as in facial steams, cleansers, masks, toners, lotions, moisturizers and soaps. When used on the skin it helps to strengthen capillaries and improve sluggish and mature skin, poor circulation, arthritis, rheumatism and infection. As a bath herb, rosemary acts as a muscle relaxant and analgesic, yet revitalizes tired limbs and helps the mind to be alert.

**Herbal Extract

Origin: France

It is used in massage oils for sore muscles and cellulite. Other uses include toothpastes, mouthwashes and insect repellents. Scalp stimulating rosemary is popular in hair products in the form of shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses to help darken gray hair and improve dandruff, hair loss and premature baldness. Rosemary extract is also an excellent natural preservative and is more stable than vitamin E (a popular preservative). Essential oil of rosemary is described as a strong herbaceous, fresh camphoraceous top-middle note with woody-balsamic undernote. This energizing oil has a very old reputation for improving memory. Emotional benefits include ease of: aggression, anger, exhaustion, emotional and mental fatigue, headaches, mental strain and physical fatigue.


*Essential Oil

Rosewood

Rosewood

Scientific Name: Aniba rosaeodora

Family Name:Lauraceae, laurel
Origin: Brazil

Rosewood is a cell regenerator, which makes it especially good for mature, wrinkled, sensitive and acneic skin. It is also an antiseptic for acne and dermatitis. Essential oil of rosewood is uplifting and will help ease anxiety, depression, sadness, tension and headaches.

*Essential Oil

Safflower Seed Oil

Safflower Seed Oil

Scientific Name: Carthamus tinctorius

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: USA

One of humanity's oldest crops, safflower oil is expressed from the seed of an Old World herb that has large bright red or orange flowers and resembles a thistle. There are two types of safflower that produce different kinds of oil: one high in monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid) and the other high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and a-linolenic acid). Used in creams and lotions to soften the skin, this flavorless oil has a light texture and penetrates the skin well. Exceptionally rich in essential fatty acids, safflower oil is also used in hair care to structure sensitized hair. For massage or facial care, safflower oil has great emollient and moisturizing qualities - blend it with an oil high in vitamin E like wheat germ oil, argan oil or cashew nut oil to increase its anti-aging properties. Safflower oil is also high in the antioxidant and preservative tocopherol.

Sage, Rubbed and White

Sage, Rubbed and White

Scientific Name: Salvia officinalis, S. apiana

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: Serbia

White sage is also known as sacred sage. The leaves and flowers of sage are antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, extremely antioxidant, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent and healing. Its active constituents include: terpenes such as camphor, labiate tannins and flavonoids. Recommended for blemished, normal-oily, oily and mature skin types, sage is especially beneficial for acne, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema, hair loss and seborrhea. Healing to demanding skin, sage is included in skincare products such as facial steams, cleansers, toners, soaps and bath herbs. It has been used as a wash and salve to treat eczema, psoriasis, poison oak and poison ivy.

*Essential Oil

Origin: Italy

Sage is very effective as an antiperspirant when included in deodorants. It is a common ingredient in hair products including shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses for oily hair, thinning hair, to darken gray hair and to stimulate the scalp. Sage is breath freshening when added to toothpastes and mouthwashes and helps treat gingivitis. Sage essential oil is described as a refreshing camphoraceous top-middle note with a spicy warm undertone. Its properties for mind include: antidepressant, calming, energizing, grounding and uplifting for mental strain and fatigue. Sage is also used by Native Americans to rid a place of negative spirits.


**Herbal Extract

Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto

Scientific Name: Serenoa serrulata

Family Name:
Origin: West Indies and Southern Atlantic Coast

The Saw Palmetto Tree, a small palm, carries fruits that are highly enriched with fatty acids and phytosterols. The extract is classified as anabolic and tonic. When used topically, Serenoa serrulata strengthens and builds body tissue and increases the assimilation of nutrients to the body. For the mind it acts as a soothing agent that reduces nervousness, distress and irritation.

Products:
Moroccan Argan with Willow & Rosemary Facial Cream

Sea Buckthorn Berry

Sea Buckthorn Berry

Scientific Name: Hippophae rhaminoides

Family Name:Elaeagnaceae
Origin: Lithuania

Herbalists have used sea buckthorn berry for millennia. Today bio-active substances in the oil derived from the seed and pulp are used in a variety of dermatological applications, among them anti-aging face creams, lotions and sun care products (since the extract seems to absorb UV rays). Research indicates that products containing sea buckthorn berry appear to promote cell regeneration, thus aiding in the healing of wounds and restoring skin tissue. Clinical experiments indicate that cosmetics containing sea buckthorn extracts can actually improve cell metabolism and retard skin maturation, thus slowing the aging process, possibly because of the effects of its high levels of vitamins A and E. Sea buckthorn oil has been proven effective in the treatment of the following skin conditions: acne, burns, cancer, skin ulcers and dermatitis of various forms.

*Essential Oil

Sesame

Sesame

Scientific Name: Sesamum indicum

Family Name:
Origin:

The oil-rich seed of sesame contains large amounts of fatty acids, minerals and vitamin E. Sesame Oil is one of several plant emollients that mimic the lipid content of the skin. It helps stabilize and maintain the skin's complex inter-cellular matrix, preventing moisture loss and cell damage and promoting the skin's soft, smooth, healthy appearance. As an ingredient in massage oil it carries soothing, toning, nourishing and moisturizing properties.

Products:
Moroccan Argan with Willow & Rosemary Facial Cream
Italian White Sage & Geranium Body Oil
Malagasy Ginger with Lemongrass Body Oil
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Oil

Shea Butter

Shea Butter

Scientific Name: Butyrospermum parkii

Family Name:Sapotaceae
Origin: Ghana

Also called karite butter, shea butter is the natural fat obtained from the fruit of the karite tree in West Africa. Shea butter is a plant lipid similar to cocoa butter and is used as an emollient and moisturizer in cosmetics. It is deeply penetrating, melts at body temperature, and acts as a menstrum (a carrier for other medicinals) that releases quickly, which make it a superior moisturizer to others in its class. Its skin conditioning abilities outweigh even avocado oil (known for skin conditioning) because of the high amount of unsaponifiable fat it contains (up to 65%). It has mild antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and demulcent properties, and contains some of the same moisturizing ingredients as sebum. High in vitamin E, an anti-aging antioxidant that increases micro-circulation, it also contains the antioxidants beta-carotene and vitamin A. The EFAs contained in shea butter act as skin protectors and rejuvenators. Additionally, shea butter contains 5-10% of phytosterols that stimulate new formation and growth of cells. In Africa, its continent of origin, shea butter is widely used as a moisturizer and softener for hair. Its exceptional healing properties are exhibited by promoting and accelerating wound healing, and it is proctective against severe weather conditions. Shea butter is also naturally equipped with a sunscreen (cinnamic acid) giving it an SPF ranging from 2-6 and blocking up to 30% of UV radiation. Its cinnamic acid ester content also accounts for some of its healing properties. A high linoleic acid content makes it excellent for soothing chapped, burned, or irritated skin. Furthermore, shea butter is safe for babies.

Soybean Oil

Soybean Oil

Scientific Name: Glycine max

Family Name:Fabaceae, legume
Origin: USA

Soybean oil is an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and emollient oil which contains isoflavones, saponins and is high in vitamin C. It is used in the manufacturing of soaps, shampoos and bath oils. See Lecithin.

Sunflower

Sunflower

Scientific Name: Helianthus annuus

Family Name:
Origin: United States

The Sunflower is a tall, stately ancient plant native to the United States. The seeds of the Sunflower yield a lightly textured, oleic acid-rich emollient oil, with large amounts of Vitamins A, D, and E, lecithin and unsaturated fatty acids, making it perfect for delicate facial skin. The seed oil is classified as anti-inflammatory, emollient, conditioning, nourishing, and moisturizing.

Products:
Egyptian Calendula & Blood Orange Facial Cleanser
Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean & Cranberry Facial Scrub
Japanese Matcha Tea with Acai & Goji Berry Facial mask
Italian Red Mandarin with Rose Facial Cream
Nigerian Ginger with Lavender & Thyme Facial Cream
French Chamomile with Sweet Orange & Lavender Body Lotion
Indian lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion
Pyrenees Lavender with cardamom Body Lotion
Italian White Sage & Geranium Body Oil
Malagasy Ginger with lemongrass Body Oil
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Oil
Egyptian Fennel with Grapefruit & Sweet Orange Lip Balm
Italian Red Mandarin with Rose Lip Balm
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Lip Balm
Brazilian Brown Sugar with Cocoa Butter Body Polish

Tamanu

Tamanu

Scientific Name: Calophyllum tacamahaca

Family Name:
Origin: East Africa, southern coastal India to Malesia and Australia.

The dried kernel of the Tamanu tree's large brown seed is cold-pressed to yield a thick, dark-green, slightly aromatic oil. Tamanu oil is rich in complex polyphenols, inophyllum, as well as calophyllolide, a natural anti-inflammatory. It is classified as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-acneic, regenerative and wound-healing. Studies show that Tamanu Oil is a significant healing agent because of its ability to produce new skin tissue and because of its anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgic, antibiotic and antioxidant properties.

Products:
Egyptian Calendula & Blood Orange Facial Cleanser
Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean & Cranberry Facial Scrub
French Chamomile with Sweet Orange & Lavender Body Lotion
Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion
Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Lotion

Tangerine, Green

Tangerine, Green

Scientific Name: Citrus reticulata

Family Name:Rutaceae
Origin: Argentina

The tangerine is a type of mandarin orange. The tree originated in China, and was brought to Europe in 1805, then to North America where much of the world's tangerine essential oil is produced. The essential oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit. This wonderfully sweet, fresh citrus top-note essential oil can be beneficial to the skin by reducing stretch marks and having a positive effect on cellulite, as well as for its nutritive properties - it is a good source of vitamin C, folate, beta-carotene, B1, B2 and B3. It is soothing, refreshing and uplifting. Emotional benefits include promoting happiness, peace and ease of: anxiety, depression, grief, nervousness and stress. It can also be used as an appetite suppressant. See Mandarin.

* Essential Oil

Thyme Linalol

Thyme Linalol

Scientific Name: Thymus var. linalol

Family Name:Lamiaceae, mint
Origin: France

Linalol is a softer, non-irritating variety of the thyme plant (from the terpene alcohol linalool content). The leaves and flowers are antioxidant, antifungal, antiseptic, aromatic, astringent, circulatory stimulant, cleansing, disinfectant, refreshing and stimulating. Active constituents of thyme include: terpenes such as thymol (named for the plant), phenols, labiate tannins and flavonoids. Thyme is so powerful that during World War I it was used to disinfect soldiers' wounds. Recommended for blemished, combination and oil-rich skin, thyme is included in facial steams, masks, cleansers, toners, bath herbs, massage oils, soaps, deodorants and aftershaves. Healing for oozing acne and rashes from poison oak, ivy, sumac or general contact dermatitis, thyme also helps treat arthritis, eczema, insect bites, psoriasis, muscle aches, poor circulation, warts and wounds, and is highly recommended in the treatment of infectious skin diseases. It is used in antifungal preparations such as salves and washes to deter athlete's foot, ringworm, scabies, crabs and lice. It is also included in anti-dandruff products such as shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses and helps keep hair dark and silky. Used in mouthwashes for its antiseptic properties, it also prevents plaque formation. According to E.S. Rohde, this enchanted herb was a favorite of the fairies. This uplifting essential oil provides emotional benefits including ease of: fear and emotional and mental fatigue.

*Essential Oil

Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E)

Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E)

Scientific Name: Switzerland

Family Name:
Origin:

Obtained by the vacuum distillation of edible vegetable oils, tocopherols act as a natural preservative (they help prevent rancidity and hence help to maintain the shelf-life of products that contain them) and important natural antioxidant. Considered an antioxidant superstar, vitamin E is a lipid-soluble vitamin that has eight different forms, of which some are known for being excellent antioxidants when applied topically to skin, particularly alpha tocopherol and the tocotrienols. However, other studies have indicated the acetate form (tocopherol acetate) is also bioavailable and protective for skin. And still other research points to tocopherol sorbate as providing significant antioxidant protection against ultraviolet radiation-induced oxidative damage. Antioxidants such as vitamin E act to protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially damaging by-products of the body's metabolism. Vitamin C and other anti-oxidants recycle vitamin E end-products back into effective suppressors of free radicals. Pointing to the significance of vitamin E for skin is an article in the Journal of Molecular Medicine (January 1995, pages 7-17) which states: "More than other tissues, the skin is exposed to numerous environmental chemical and physical agents such as ultraviolet light causing oxidative stress (free-radical damage). In the skin this results in several short- and long-term adverse effects such as erythema (redness), edema (swelling), skin thickening, wrinkling, and an increased incidence of skin cancer". Vitamin E is the major "antioxidant protecting the skin from the adverse effects of oxidative stress including photoaging (sun damage)." Tocopherols also provide fabulous relief for chapped lips and ragged cuticles and are reported to soften and gradually fade scar tissue because they aid in tissue repair and moisturize the skin from within. Additionally, tocopherols protect fat in the body's tissues from abnormal breakdown, increase micro-circulation, and may protect blood vessels.

Vegetable Gum (Guar)

Vegetable Gum (Guar)

Scientific Name: Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Family Name:Fabaceae, legume
Origin: USA

The guar bean or cluster bean is an annual bean grown principally in India and Pakistan, with smaller crops grown in the USA, Australia and Africa. Vegetable gums include derivatives from quince seed, karaya, acacia, tragacanth, Irish moss, guar, etc. They function as liquid emulsifiers, that is, they thicken cosmetic products and make them creamy. Guar gum exhibits strong water-binding capacity at low usage levels.

Violet Leaf, Blue

Violet Leaf, Blue

Scientific Name: Viola odorata

Family Name:Violaceae, violet
Origin: China

Otherwise known as the sweet violet, the leaves and flowers are antiseptic, astringent, demulcent and antioxidant (rich in vitamins A and C). Its active constituents include: salicylic acid and other phenolcarboxylic acids, 10% mucilage, flavonoids, anthocyanidin glycosides, carotenoids, coumarins, a-tocopherol, peptides and 29 or 30 amino acids. One quirk of the violet is its elusive scent - along with terpenes, a major component of the scent is a ketone compound called ionone, which temporarily desensitizes the receptors in the nose; sniff all you like, you won't get any more smell from the flower. Violets are excellent for dry, normal and oil-rich skin and are included in facial steams, cleansers, toners, lotions, moisturizers and bath herbs. Used internally, violet may help to clear the skin of acne, boils, eczema and psoriasis. The oil is good for insomnia, sluggish circulation and stress.

**Herbal Extract

Water, Purified

Water, Purified

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: USA

This ingredient is specifically reverse osmosis purified H2O. The process of reverse osmosis is the most complete and safe process known to remove impurities in water. Water makes up a large part of the skin. It is also the most frequently used cosmetic ingredient. As a vehicle, it helps keep other ingredients in solution and helps spread products across the skin. As a performance ingredient, water replenishes moisture in the surface of the skin.

White Tea

White Tea

Scientific Name: Camellia Sinensis

Family Name:
Origin: China

A number of studies indicate that the possible skin benefits of green tea include: partial protection from UV damage, anti-inflammatory effects, skin matrix protection and others. White tea is presumed to produce similar benefits. Studies show white tea may prevent enzyme activity that breaks down elastin and collagen. This breakdown may lead to wrinkles. White tea plant extracts are thought to protect the structural proteins of the skin, specifically elastin and collagen. The two key properties that make White Tea an anti-aging ingredient are: antioxidant (ability to neutralize harmful oxygen free radicals) and the ability to inhibit matrix metalloproteinase (MMP). MMP are enzymes that degrade key proteins of the skin matrix, particularly collagen and elastin, leading to wrinkles and loss of firmness.

Products:
Japanese Match Tea with Acai & Goji Berry Facial Mask
Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream
Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Body Oil
Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu & Red Clover Hand Cream

Wild Plum Blend

Wild Plum Blend

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin:

Pangea's Wild Plum Blend harnesses the remarkable antioxidant power of three select aboriginal plum extracts from countless, exotic Australian resources to deliver balancing, nutrient-rich and revitalizing benefits to combination and oily skin types. Derived from three indigenous Australian super-fruits, Pangea's bioactive wild plum skin complex is revolutionary. It is classified as purifying, balancing and rejuvenating.

Products:
Australian Wild Plum & Willow Facial Cleanser

Willow

Willow

Scientific Name: Salix alba

Family Name:
Origin: Moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere

White Willow Bark, Salix alba, is a common tree in wetlands and near watercourses. It contains a high amount of salicylic acid (a natural Beta Hydroxy Acid used in aspirin) and mild antimicrobial constituents. Salicylic acid works by causing the cells of the epidermis to slough off more easily, helping to prevent pore congestion and allowing room for new cell growth. Salix alba is a useful ingredient in skin care in which pore congestion and acne are an issue. In addition, Willow naturally and effectively supports skin clarity while helping to calm redness.

Products:
Australian Wild Plum & Willow Facial Cleanser
Morrocan Argan with Willow & Rosemary Facial Cream

Witch Hazel Bark

Witch Hazel Bark

Scientific Name: Hamamelis virginiana

Family Name:Hamamelidaceae
Origin: USA

The bark, twigs and leaf of witch hazel are valued for their anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cleansing, deodorant, styptic and potent antioxidant properties. Active constituents include: tannins (giving it a strong astringent effect), gallic acid, flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin) the terpene eugenol, choline and saponins. Best for combination and oil-rich skin types, witch hazel is also used to treat acne, blackheads, bedsores, eczema, hemorrhoids, insect bites, poison oak and ivy, minor injuries, skin ulcers, varicose veins and wounds. A wash from the plant can be used to treat sunburn. Distilled witch hazel is commonly available at pharmacies and applied directly to the skin. Use care when using the distilled form close to the eyes and mucus membranes as it contains rubbing alcohol that can be an irritant. It is also used as an aftershave or skin freshener. For treating dandruff and oily hair conditions, witch hazel is included in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses.

**Herbal Extract

Xantham Gum

Xantham Gum

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin: USA

Xanthan gum is a natural gum polysaccharide produced by a biotechnological process involving fermentation of glucose or sucrose by the Xanthomonas campestris bacteria. It is also called corn sugar gum. Xanthan gum is used as a thickener, an emulsifier and a stabilizer in cosmetics. One of the most remarkable properties of xanthan gum is its capability of producing a large increase in the viscosity of a liquid by adding a very small quantity of gum of the order of one percent. Unlike other gums it is very stable under a wide range of temperatures and pH.

Yarrow Herb

Yarrow Herb

Scientific Name: Achillea millefolium

Family Name:Asteraceae, daisy
Origin: Croatia

The genus name of yarrow, Achillea, is derived from the mythical Greek character, Achilles, who reportedly carried it with his army to treat battle wounds. The plant has a long history as a powerful healing herb used topically for wounds, cuts and abrasions. Yarrow intensifies the medicinal action of other herbs taken with it, and helps eliminate toxins from the body. Yarrow is valued for its anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, powerful astringent and mild sedative properties. Its active constituents include: azulene, terpenes such as camphor and linalool, phenolcarboxylic acids such as salicylic acid (good for acneic skin), flavonoids, coumarins, tannins and alkamides. The flowers are rich in chemicals converted by steam into anti-allergenic compounds. The leaves and flowers of yarrow are useful for oily skin in the form of facial steams, cleansers, toners and aftershaves. Yarrow is also used to treat rashes, eczema, varicose veins and as a powerful styptic, insect repellant and blood vessel tonic. The oil is good for hair care, insomnia, bruising, scars, stretch marks and varicose veins.

**Herbal Extract

Ylang Ylang

Ylang Ylang

Scientific Name: Canaga odorata

Family Name:Annonaceae, custard apple
Origin: Madagascar

Ylang ylang essential oil is distilled from the Cananga tree's greenish-yellow, starfish-shaped flowers produced year-round. The fresh blossoms have traditionally been used to infuse coconut oil with their heavy fragrance. Ylang ylang is antibacterial, antiseptic and anti-seborrheic. Best for blemished, dry, mature, normal-combination, oil-rich and stressed skin, ylang oil is used to treat the following skin conditions: acne, broken capillaries, scars, seborrhea and varicose veins. Because it is bactericidal, ylang ylang also functions well as a deodorant. Classified as a euphoric, this cooling oil is calming, relaxing, sedative and a potent aphrodisiac. One of the most masculine essential oils, ylang oil is used for aggression, anger, anxiety, depression, emotional and mental fatigue, hypertension, palpitations, panic, sensuality, shyness, stress and tension.

*Essential Oil

Yucca

Yucca

Scientific Name:

Family Name:
Origin:

Traditionally, Native Americans used Yucca for washing, shampooing, and for a myriad of different medicinal applications. Biochemical research has shown that natural saponins, like those found in Yucca, repair damage to cell membranes of the skin and scalp that result in a loss of nutrients. It also reduces joint inflammation and has been used with success for allergies and to strengthen the immune system.

Products:
Australian Wild Plum & Willow Facial Cleanser

Functional Ingredients

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is fractioned coconut oil produced by the esterification of glycerol (plant sugars) with mixtures of caprylic and capric fatty acids (coconut oil). This oil has a very long shelf life and is a suitable carrier oil for essential oils, fat- soluble vitamins, actives, and plant and flower extracts. It is used in our products as an emollient, creating a barrier on the skin which helps retain moisture. Caprylic/ Capric Triglyceride is a lightweight, silky, and non-greasy oil that rapidly absorbs into the skin. The oil exhibits excellent antioxidant properties and offers skin-nurturing benefits due to the skin's affinity to fatty acid esters.

Cetearyl Olivate

Cetearyl Olivate is the ester of cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids derived from olive oil. This non-ionic oil combines the properties of olive oil with other naturally derived ingredients making it a mild emulsifier. Cetearyl Olivate facilitates the retention of moisture in the skin and increases active ingredient's resistance to water and sweat. It helps soften the skin and hair and gives our creams a smooth and luxurious feel.

Cetyl Alcohol

Cetyl Alcohol is a long chain organic alcohol. Because of its unique binding and emollient action, cetyl alcohol is a great binder for moisturizing. Cetyl Alcohol can help maintain the skin's moisture balance without the grease. Since water and oil do not mix, cetyl alcohol helps lock moisture into the skin and form a protective barrier that water cannot penetrate. This helps to prevent dry and parched skin. In addition to the unique barrier benefit of cetyl alcohol, it is often added as an ingredient to moisturizers to alter the consistency of liquid products or to increase foaming capacity.

Cetyl Palmitate

Cetyl Palmitate is a functional and stabilizing ester that is derived from the olive oil fatty acids. As a great skin-conditioning and emollient ingredient, Cetyl Palmitate is used for its functional properties. It enhances emulsion stability and reduces greasy texture.

Citric Acid

Citric acid is a natural occurring fruit acid, produced commercially by microbial fermentation of a carbohydrate substrate. Citric acid is the most widely used organic acidulant and pH-control agent in body care products. Citric Acid (vitamin C) is a powerful antioxidant that can help refresh skin and help reduce the look of aging by promoting new skin growth and destroying free radicals. Citric acid can significantly help to improve the health of skin cells which in turn promotes healing and the ability of the skin to protect itself against a variety of harmful environmental factors. In addition, citric acid assists in collagen production, reducing fine lines and wrinkles and minimizing the appearance of scars.

Decyl Glucoside

Decyl Glucoside is a plant-derived non-ionic, sugar-based surfactant prepared by combining corn starch glucose with the fatty alcohol decanol which comes from coconut oil. Due to its natural origin, this cleansing agent is non-irritating, non-toxic and readily biodegradable. This extremely mild and effective non-ionic cleanser creates an excellent lather, rinses quickly, and offers a natural alternative to harsh surfactants. Decyl Glucoside helps maintain the skin's natural balance without causing dryness and is used in a wide variety of personal care products, including products for individuals with sensitive skin.

Gluconolactone & Sodium Benzoate

Gluconolactone is naturally derived from corn fermentation and is composed of multiple water-attracting hydroxyl groups, which help hydrate the skin. As a natural food acid, it helps prevent microbial growth primarily through pH depression. When combined with Sodium Benzoate, gluconolactone 'potentiates' the preservative and enhances the microbial tolerance of the finished product. As a blend, these two ingredients provide broad spectrum antimicrobial protection. Sodium Benzoate is a salt of Benzoic acid, found naturally in cranberries, prunes, plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, and apples. Both of these ingredients can help protect the skin from some of the damaging effects of UV radiation and can help reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, roughness, hyperpigmentation and pore size.

Glycerin (Vegetable)

Glycerin (vegetable) is made by combining water and fats derived from Non-GMO vegetable oil. Due to its water binding capabilities, Glycerin is an excellent humectant and moisturizer that regulates the absorption and release of water in the skin. Glycerin makes the skin feel softer and smoother and helps reduce cracking and irritation. This sweet-tasting, clear liquid can be used on even the most sensitive skin.

Glycerol/Sucrose Stearate

Because an ingredient sounds of unnatural origin does not necessarily mean it is. Take glycerol and sucrose stearate, for example. These are emulsifiers that we use to assure that our formulations stay together at the molecular level. Emulsifiers keep oils and water blended in an emulsion (in products like lotions). Without emulsifiers, oil and water would separate into layers. Emulsifiers surround oil particles, allowing them to remain evenly distributed throughout the water. They can also act as thickening agents giving cosmetics their distinctive feel and form.

Guar Gum

Guar gum is a significant ingredient in our gluten free products. We use it as a "hydrocolloidal" which binds, thickens and emulsifies our products. The guar plant, also known as a cluster plant, grows primarily in Pakistan and the northern regions of India. Its functional properties include: surfactant, emulsifier, stabilizer, thickener, binder and volume enhancer.

Lavender Alcohol

Lavender Alcohol (SDA 38 B Organic Lavender) is a natural and stable preservative, suspension agent, absorption aid, carrier for aroma, and a skin toner/astringent. We denature our organic alcohol with steam-distilled organic lavender essential oil. Please do not confuse our organic, Non-GMO Corn Grain Alcohol with the lesser-quality, drying forms of alcohol, such as isopropyl which is wood grain alcohol denatured with petroleum. Isopropyl is a form that is well-known to be both toxic and drying. The safety concerns associated with alcohol commonly have to do with its function as a carrier and absorption aid and with whatever the alcohol may be denatured with. Alcohol will increase the penetration into the skin of whatever else may happen to be in the formula alongside it. Since Pangea uses only beneficial ingredients that are biocompatible and generally recognized as safe, this penetration enhancement becomes a non-issue. Denaturing alcohol is a legal necessity, as it deems the alcohol un-drinkable. We denature our organic alcohol with steam-distilled organic lavender essential oil. Commonly, alcohol is denatured with petroleum-based agents, which of course increases potential toxicity. We stand behind our organic Lavender Alcohol as non-drying and beneficial, as it increases the efficacy of our individual ingredients by driving these nutrients deeper into the intercellular cement of the skin.

Niacinamide

Niacinamide (also known as vitamin B3) belongs to the family of the B vitamins. As a water-soluble vitamin, Niacinamide helps improve the skin's moisture barrier and softness - and this helps allow for the natural production of collagen. It also improves the appearance of ageing skin by strengthening the stratum corneum (outermost layer of the skin) and increases the rate of skin surface renewal to help reverse the appearance of past damage such as discoloration or the look of enlarged pores. Niacinamide helps impart a more even-looking skin tone by inhibiting the appearance of hyperpigmentation from extended exposure to sun light.

Potassium Coccoate

Potassium Cocoate is a potassium salt that originates from the fatty acids present in coconut oil. This ingredient acts as an emulsifier and surfactant in skin care products, which helps to loosen and remove dirt and grease from skin when mixed with water. Potassium Olivate Potassium Olivate is the oil obtained from the ripe fruit of Olea europaea. This olive oil is a derivative from the soap production process called saponification, involving the hydrolyzation of Olive Oil in the presence of potassium hyrdoxide. It serves as a soap-like emulsifier, and it gently cleanses and nourishes the skin.

Potassium Sorbate

Potassium Sorbate is one of the safest and most commonly used preservatives today. It is a mild preservative used in our lotions and creams as a paraben alternative to prevent or slow the growth of microorganisms and protect our products from spoiling. Developed from Sorbic Acid, which is naturally found in the berries of the mountain ash tree, Potassium Sorbate is effective against the growth of molds, fungi and yeast.

Rice Bran

A species of grass, rice is the world's third largest crop. The bran, called "nuka" in Japan, is a moist inner oily layer of the rice plant and often produced as a by-product of milling in the production of the refined grain. We use rice bran because it is nutrient-dense and rich in a substance known as oryzanol, a potent antioxidant, which will leave your skin looking softer and healthier. It is superb on sensitive skin and has been shown to aid in the prevention of acne and wrinkles. Rice bran quickly improves the appearance of blemishes, absorbs dirt and oil from pores, balances and moisturizes the skin.

Sacharide Isomerate

Saccharide Isomerate is a water-binding agent and emollient. It is an effective moisturizer containing natural carbohydrates found in the stratum corneum of the skin. In skin care products it is used as a preventative ingredient to protect dry skin against classical symptoms such as roughness, unevenness and itching.

Sodium Alginate

Sodium Alginate is a stabilizer, thickener, gelling agent and an emulsifier. Alginate is derived from brown algae (Phaeophycota). This is a natural, water-soluble polysaccharide that produces a gel consistency when hydrated. Sodium Alginate will help to soften, hydrate, soothe, and leave the skin feeling silky and soft.

Sodium Benzoate & Gluconic Acid & Water

Sodium Benzoate & Gluconic Acid & Water act as an all-natural preservative consisting of naturally derived sodium benzoate and gluconic acid. Natural benzoic acid obtained by the extraction of gum benzoin (a resinous material tapped from the bark of the styrax tree and commonly used in traditional medicine) is the starting material used to manufacture the sodium benzoate. Gluconic Acid occurs naturally in fruit, honey, Kombucha tea, and wine. Sodium benzoate works in synergy with gluconolactone to provide broad spectrum antimicrobial protection. It is used as a complexing agent and acidity regulator in our products.

Sodium Chloride

This concentrated mineral salt is derived from the sea or rock deposits. Sodium Chloride is essential to biological organisms and is found in most tissues and body fluids. The sodium and chlorine elements of Sodium Chloride play a diverse and important role in many physiological processes. In our products, it is used to adjust viscosity or enhance preservation. Non-toxic and non-irritant, Sodium Chloride is said to draw impurities out of the body through the skin.

Sodium Hyaluronate (Vegan)

Sodium Hyaluronate (vegan) is manufactured by a food grade fermentation process from non-GMO grains and as such can be labeled vegetarian and vegan. In topical applications, low molecular weight Sodium Hyaluronate can be absorbed through the skin more readily so as to yield dramatic effects on building skin tone, increased elasticity, wrinkle reduction, and anti-aging. This naturally occurring polysaccharide is known for its ability to hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water. Sodium Hyaluronate reinforces the skin's short and long term moisturization, helps to plump up the tissue to restore elasticity and diminish appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Sodium Hydroxide

Sodium Hydroxide is an inorganic compound used to control the pH levels or serve as a buffering agent.

Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate

Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate is a sodium salt comprised of ester and alcohol compounds sourced from vegetable oils such as Olive and Coconut oils. These ester and alcohol compounds allow dispersion of oil into water and prevent separation of the oil and water phases of the product. Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate can be used as an emulsifying agent, a conditioner, and as a mild cleansing agent.

Sorbitan Olivate

Sorbitan Olivate is derived from the fatty acids of Olive oil. It is used to blend the ingredients in our products together and act as emulsifier. This silky, ultra light ingredient facilitates retention of skin moisture and increases the active ingredient's resistance to water and/or sweat. Sorbitan Olivate has a softening effect and gives our creams a smooth and luxurious feel.

Sorbitan Palmitate

Sorbitan Palmitate is derived from Olive Oil and is a viscosity enhancer agent improving the thickness of the emulsion of our products.

Squalene (Vegetable)

Squalene, an organic compound derived from olives, is an important key to naturally healthy skin. Squalene has a natural affinity for the skin and acts as a natural skin soothing agent. As a lightweight emollient, it keeps skin in top condition by keeping it hydrated, fighting wrinkles and other signs of aging, and encouraging the growth of healthy cells. While the body naturally contains squalene internally, and in skin's sebum, topical application of additional Squalene can help boost its benefits.

Ubiquinone (COQ10)

Ubiquinone, COQ10, is a potent antioxidant naturally produced by the body and important to cell functioning and development. As an effective antioxidant, COQ10 helps promote collagen production and is useful in protection from damage caused by the sun. Ubiquinone protects against oxidative stress-induced cell death and enhances the synthesis of basement membrane components in dermal and epidermal cells.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E enhances the appearance of the skin's radiance and resilience. As an antioxidant, this vitamin assists in protecting and repairing the skin. Vitamin E is vital in protecting skin cells from UV light, environmental pollution, and other elements that produce cell damaging free radicals. Vitamin E helps reduce the appearance of age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, and maintain the skin's oil balance during the cleansing process.

Xanthan Gum

Like Guar Gum, Xanthan Gum is an important ingredient in our gluten-free products. Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide produced by aprocess involving fermentation of sugar syrup (glucose or sucrose) by bacterium Xanthomonas Campestris. We use Xanthan Gum as a thickener, an emulsifier and a stabilizer in our products. One of the most remarkable properties of Xanthan Gum is its capacity to produce a significant increase in the viscosity of a liquid. Also it is very stable under a wide range of temperatures and pH.



The information presented on this page is intended for educational purposes only. Pangea Organics products are formulated for cosmetic purposes only and may not be represented for any other purposes.

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